Why do oceans look blue from space?

Geology Science Forums Geology Questions & Answers Why do oceans look blue from space?

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    • #8514
      Mahmut MAT

      Why do oceans look blue from space?

    • #8515

      Oceans appear blue from space because of the way that sunlight interacts with water molecules. Sunlight is made up of a spectrum of colors, including red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. When sunlight reaches the Earth’s atmosphere, it is scattered in all directions by the molecules and particles in the air. Blue light has a shorter wavelength and is scattered more easily than the other colors, which is why the sky appears blue to us from the ground.

      When sunlight reaches the ocean’s surface, a portion of it is reflected back into the atmosphere, while the rest penetrates into the water. As the sunlight travels through the water, it is absorbed by the water molecules, and the blue light is scattered in all directions. This scattered blue light is what we see when we look at the ocean from space.

      The depth of the water and the angle of the sun can also affect the color of the ocean. When the sun is directly overhead, the ocean will appear brighter and bluer because the sunlight is able to penetrate deeper into the water. When the sun is at a lower angle, such as during sunrise or sunset, the ocean may appear more yellow or orange because the longer wavelengths of light are scattered more easily.

      Overall, the blue color of the ocean is a result of the scattering of blue light by water molecules, which is why it appears blue to us when we look at it from space.

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