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Hydrogeology is the science which mainly deals with the groundwater.

In the broadest sense, hydrology addresses:

  • occurrence,
  • distribution,
  • movement,
  • and chemistry of all waters of the earth.

Aquifers and Aquitards

Aquifers and aquitards are geological formations that play a crucial role in the hydrological cycle and the availability of groundwater. Aquifers are porous and permeable...

Evaporation and Transpiration

The process through which water is transferred from the surface of the Earth (land surface, free water surfaces, soil water, etc.) to the atmosphere is called evaporation.During evaporation process the latent heat of evaporation is taken from the surface of evaporation.Therefore evaporation is considered as a cooling process. Evaporation from land surface, free water surfaces, soil water, etc. are of great importance in hydrological and meterological studies,

Elements of The Hydrologic Cycle

Precipitation Precipitation is the release of water from the atmosphere to reach the surface of the earth.The term ‘precipitation’ covers all forms of water being released by...


Hydrogeology is a branch of geology that deals with the study of the distribution, movement, and quality of water in the subsurface. Hydrogeology is...