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A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes. A mineral has one specific chemical composition, whereas a rock can be an aggregate of different minerals or mineraloids. The study of minerals is called mineralogy. To meet the definition of “mineral” used by most geologists, a substance must meet five requirements:


Kaolinite is a clay mineral with chemical composition Al2Si2O5(OH)4. It is an important industrial mineral. Rocks rich in kaolinite are called kaolin. Kaolinite, common group of clay minerals that are hydrated aluminum silicates; they contain the main components of kaolin (china clay). The group includes kaolinite, which is chemically similar but amorphous to kaolinite, and its rarer forms, stalagmite and nacrite, halloysite and allophane.


Manganite is a member of oxide minerals with composed of manganese oxide-hydroxide of formula: MnO(OH).A widespread and important ore of manganese. The mineral had been described by a number of different names since 1772, but was finally given its current name, which it owes to its manganese component, in 1827.


Turquoise is a member of phosphate mineral with chemical the formula CuAl6 (PO4)4(OH) 8·4H2O. Turquoise is an opaque, blue-to-green mineral that is a hydrated phosphate of copper...


Chrysoberyl is a member of oxide mineral or gemstone with the formula: BeAl2O4.In spite of the similarity in their names, chrysoberyl and beryl are absolutely extraordinary stones, despite the fact that both include beryllium. Chrysoberyl is the third most commonplace herbal stone and is found at 8.5 at the Mohs


Spodumene is a pyroxene member of inosilicate mineral with chemical formula is LiAl(SiO3)2, lithium aluminium. It can also be pink, lilac, or green. Crystals are prismatic, flattened, and typically striated along their length. Gem varieties of the mineral usually exhibit strong pleochroism.


Phlogopite is a member of mica group family of phyllosilicates mineral. Color is a yellow, greenish, or reddish-brown. It is the magnesium endmember of the biotite stable answer series, with the chemical formulation KMg3AlSi3O10 (F, OH) 2.


Beryl is a member of cyclosilicate minerals with composed of beryllium aluminium. Chemical formula: Be3Al2Si6O18. Few people have ever heard of the mineral beryl but almost everyone has heard of its principal gemstone varieties emerald and aquamarine.


Tremolite is a silicate mineral and member of the amphibole group. Chemical formula is Ca2(Mg5.0-4.5Fe2+0.0-0.5)Si8O22(OH)2. A calcium magnesium silicate, tremolite forms a solid-solution series with ferroactinolite, where iron substitutes in increasing amounts for magnesium.


Acanthite is a form of silver sulfide with the chemical formula: Ag2S. It crystallizes inside the monoclinic gadget and is the solid form of silver sulfide under 173 °C (343 °F). A silver sulfide, it is the maximum important ore of silver. It additionally happens in huge form and has an opaque, grayish black color.


Chromite is an oxide mineral that an iron chromium oxide with formula: FeCr2O4. It is belonging to the spinel group. Chromite is the most important ore of chromium. Crystals are uncommon, but when found they are octahedral. Chromite is usually massive or in the form of lenses and tabular bodies, or it may be disseminated as granules.


Rhodochrosite is a carbonate mineral with formula: MnCO3. It has a classic rose-pink color, but specimens can also be brown or gray. It forms dogtooth or rhombohedral crystals like calcite, but it may also occur in stalactitic, granular, nodular, botryoidal, and massive habits. Rhodochrosite is found in hydrothermal ore veins with sphalerite, galena, fluorite, and manganese oxides.


Rutile is oxide group mineral with formula: titanium dioxide (TiO2). It often appears as pale golden, needlelike crystals inside quartz. When not enclosed in quartz, it is usually yellowish or reddish brown, dark brown, or black.