Geology is the scientific study of the Earth’s structure, composition, history, and processes. It is a multidisciplinary field that combines elements of physics, chemistry, biology, and other sciences to understand the planet’s geological features and phenomena. Geologists study rocks, minerals, fossils, landforms, and natural resources to gain insights into the Earth’s past, present, and future.
Geology as a scientific field is essential for our understanding of the Earth’s history, structure, and processes, as well as for locating and managing natural resources, predicting and mitigating geologic hazards, and addressing environmental challenges. Geologists use a variety of tools, methods, and technologies to investigate the Earth’s geology, including fieldwork, laboratory analysis, remote sensing, and computational modeling. The findings and insights from geology research contribute to our understanding of the planet and help inform decision-making in fields such as energy, mining, environmental management, and civil engineering.