How are earthquakes generated along faults?
Earthquakes are generated along faults, which are zones of weakness in the Earth’s crust where rocks have broken and moved relative to each other. When the accumulated stress along a fault exceeds the strength of the rocks, the rocks abruptly rupture, releasing energy in the form of seismic waves that propagate through the Earth’s crust and cause ground shaking.
There are several ways in which earthquakes can be generated along faults:
Once an earthquake is triggered along a fault, the released energy propagates as seismic waves through the Earth’s crust, causing ground shaking, surface rupture, and other seismic effects. The study of how earthquakes are generated along faults is an active field of research, and scientists continue to investigate the complex processes that contribute to seismic activity.