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The phosphate minerals are characterized by way of the tetrahedral [PO4]three− unit, despite the fact that the structure can be generalized, and phosphorus is replaced by means of antimony, arsenic, or vanadium. The most common phosphate is the apatite group; not unusual species inside this organization are fluorapatite (Ca5(PO4)3F), chlorapatite (Ca5(PO4)3Cl) and hydroxylapatite (Ca5(PO4)3(OH)). Minerals on this group are the primary crystalline components of teeth and bones in vertebrates.


Turquoise is a member of phosphate mineral with chemical the formula CuAl6 (PO4)4(OH) 8·4H2O. Turquoise is an opaque, blue-to-green mineral that is a hydrated phosphate of copper...


Autunite is a phosphate mineral that formula is calcium uranium phosphate (Ca (UO2)2(PO4)2·10–12H2O) and It is harness of 2 - 2, 5.A popular collector’s...
Apatite Mineral Definition Properties and Pictures


Apatite is a very common mineral, but transparent gemstone-quality apatite is extremely rare. Despite the fact that apatite is the defining mineral for 5 on Mohs scale of hardness, the gemstone remains virtually unknown to most, and is seldom found in jewelry stores.