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The seismic method is used in geophysical prospecting process

Geophysical Methods

The physical properties of rocks have been used to devise geophysical methods that are essential in the search for minerals, oil and gas...
The seismic method is used in geophysical prospecting process


The rocks does not differ only by their macroscopic or microscopic properties studied field geologists or petrologists. They also differ by their chemical and physical properties. Hence as the rocks differ according to their origin, structure, texture, etc. they also differ by their density, magnetisation, resistivity, etc. The bad news is that the physical properties do not always clearly correlates with geological classifications and do not necessarily easily translates into the geological terms.

Types of Maps

Projections Because the shape of the world is spherical, it is difficult to represent it on a plain paper. Cartographers use projections to make...

Latitude and Longitude

Geographic coordinate system The representation of each place on the Earth by numbers and symbols is called the geographical coordinate system.The science of mapmaking...

Physical Properties of Minerals

Minerals are the materials that make up the Earth Naturally occurring,Homogeneous solid,with a definite (not fixed) chemical composition,and a highly ordered atomic arrangement,usually formed by...


An unconformity is contact between two rock units.Unconformities are typically buried erosional surfaces that can represent a break in the geologic record of hundreds of millions of years or more. It it called an unconformity because the ages of the layers of rock that are abutting each other are discontinuous at the unconformity. An expected age of layer or layers of rock is/are missing due to the erosion; and, some period in geologic time is not represented.

Plate Tectonics

Plate tectonics describes the motions of the 15 to 20 large rigid and brittle tectonic plates into which the Earth's outermost layer (called the "lithosphere") is...

Structure of Earth

Interior of the Earth: Crust, Mantle and Core In this article (geography section), we discuss the interior of the earth. Understanding the basic structure of...

Optical Properties of Minerals

Study of how light passes through thin sections – rock cut and polished to about 0.3 mm thickness Use properties of light absorption and propogation through a mineral à affected by atomic arrangement and composition Learn the properties of light associated with techniques governing the use of a petrographic microscope