Geology Branches

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Geology is divided into several fields that can be grouped under the main headings of physical and historical geology. Applied Geology Applied Geology is geologic knowledge to solving geologic problem. In other words, application of various fields of geology to economic, engineering, water-supply, or environmental problems; geology related to the human activity. METHODS OF GEOLOGY Geologists use primary data associated with petrology (the study of rocks), stratigraphy (the observe of sedimentary layers), and structural geology (the have a look at of positions of rock devices and their deformation). In many cases, geologists additionally take a look at contemporary soils, rivers, landscapes, and glaciers; inspect past and contemporary life and biogeochemical pathways, and use geophysical techniques to investigate the subsurface.

Polymetallic Vein Deposits

Polymetallic vein deposits are a type of mineral deposit characterized by the presence of multiple metals occurring in veins within host rocks. These deposits...

Lateritic Deposits

Lateritic deposits are a type of weathering product that forms in tropical and subtropical regions through the process of laterization. Laterization involves the leaching...

Brine deposits

Brine deposits refer to naturally occurring concentrations of saltwater, commonly known as brine, that accumulate in specific geological formations or reservoirs. These deposits are...

Origin of water on Earth

Water is a fundamental and indispensable component of Earth, playing a crucial role in the sustenance of life and the functioning of various geological...

The Geological Evolution of Continents

Continents are large, continuous landmasses that make up the Earth's surface. They are primarily composed of continental crust, which is distinct from oceanic crust....

Earth’s Early Atmosphere and Oceans

The Earth's early atmosphere and oceans play a crucial role in shaping the planet's evolutionary history and creating the conditions necessary for life to...

Carbonate Replacement Deposits (CRDs)

Carbonate Replacement Deposits (CRDs) are geological formations that result from the replacement of pre-existing carbonate rocks by ore minerals, often metals such as lead,...

Gravity Surveys

Gravity surveys are geophysical techniques used to measure the variations in the Earth's gravitational field at different locations. These surveys involve the measurement of...

Mississippi Valley-Type (MVT) Deposits

Mississippi Valley-Type (MVT) deposits are a specific type of mineral deposit characterized by the occurrence of lead and zinc ores. These deposits are named...

Sedimentary Exhalative (SEDEX) Deposit

SEDEX, which stands for Sedimentary Exhalative, refers to a type of mineral deposit that is formed by the precipitation of ore minerals from hydrothermal...

Banded Iron Formations (BIFs)

Banded Iron Formations (BIFs) are distinctive units of sedimentary rocks composed of alternating layers of iron-rich minerals, mainly hematite and magnetite, and silica-rich minerals...

Full List of Index Fossils

Index fossils are specific fossils that are used to define and identify particular time periods in Earth's geologic history. These fossils are typically widespread...

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