Minerals

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A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes. A mineral has one specific chemical composition, whereas a rock can be an aggregate of different minerals or mineraloids. The study of minerals is called mineralogy. To meet the definition of “mineral” used by most geologists, a substance must meet five requirements:

Topaz

Topaz is a silicate mineral of aluminium and fluorine with the chemical formula Al2SiO4(F, OH)2. Topaz crystallizes in the orthorhombic system, and its crystals are mostly prismatic terminated by pyramidal and other faces.

Kyanite

Kyanite is commonly found in aluminum-rich metamorphic pegmatites and / or sedimentary rocks and is commonly a blue silicate mineral. Cyanide in metamorphic rocks show better pressures than four kilobars. Although it is undoubtedly strong at stress and low temperature, it is generally sufficiently high under these conditions where water hobbyist, muscovite, pyrophyllite or kaolinite-containing aqueous aluminosilicates are replaced. Kyanite is also called disten, ranetite and cyanide.

Zircon

Zircon is a zirconium silicate mineral with a chemical composition of ZrSiO4. It is common at some point of the world as a minor constituent of igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks.Zircon is a popular gemstone that has been used for almost 2000 years.

Garnet

Garnet, any member of a group of not unusual silicate minerals that have comparable crystal structures and chemical compositions. They may be colourless, black, and lots of sun shades of red and inexperienced.

Olivine

Olivine is one of the most common minerals within the earth, and is a prime rock forming mineral. Despite this, desirable specimens and huge crystals are unusual and fashionable. Only few localities yield large examples of this mineral, even though small and microscopic grains are determined worldwide. Olivine is likewise determined in meteorites, and massive grains were suggested in many of them.

Azurite

Azurite is not a common or abundant mineral, but it is beautiful and its blue color attracts attention. It has been used by people in many parts of the world for thousands of years. Ancient people used it as an ore of copper, as a pigment, as a gemstone, and as an ornamental stone. It is still used for all of these purposes today