Home Methods of Geology
Geologists use primary data associated with petrology (the study of rocks), stratigraphy (the observe of sedimentary layers), and structural geology (the have a look at of positions of rock devices and their deformation). In many cases, geologists additionally take a look at contemporary soils, rivers, landscapes, and glaciers; inspect past and contemporary life and biogeochemical pathways, and use geophysical techniques to investigate the subsurface.
Stratigraphy is a branch of geology to description of rock or interpretation geologic time scale.It provides of geologic history of strata. Stratigraphic...
An unconformity is contact between two rock units.Unconformities are typically buried erosional surfaces that can represent a break in the geologic record of hundreds of millions of years or more. It it called an unconformity because the ages of the layers of rock that are abutting each other are discontinuous at the unconformity. An expected age of layer or layers of rock is/are missing due to the erosion; and, some period in geologic time is not represented.
What is a geologic structure ? A geometric feature in rock whose shape, form, and distribution can be described.